OHP Preprint No. 97 : Kilometric Arrays

Current steps towards kilometric arrays of many telescopes: prospects for snapshot images with 10-4 arc-sec resolution

Antoine Labeyrie

Collège de France & Observatoire de Haute Provence
F-04870 Saint Michel l'Observatoire
E-mail : labeyrie@obs-hp.fr

Invited lecture at the symposium "Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow", Landskrona/Hven, Sweden June 1996 (to appear in SPIE proceedings vol. 2871)

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Interferometric arrays of many large telescopes will follow the current precursor interferometers. A few dozen telescopes, equipped with adaptive optics for intra and inter-aperture phasing, mobile on a 1 - 10km terrestrial platform, can provide snapshot images having 10-4 to 10-5 arc-second resolution. On visible objects as faint as mv=25, blind phasing is achievable with the help of laser guide stars on each telescope. The corresponding science is particularly rich and relevant to current issues in stellar physics and cosmology. Following the completion and test of a prototype 1.5 meter telescope, specifically designed for a 27-element interferometric array, larger component telescopes of 8 to 10m may become buildable at a sufficiently low cost for affordable arrays. A preliminary design concept is presented.

In space, arrays of free-flying telescopes currently studied by NASA and ESA, can in principle provide a better limiting magnitude and longer baselines, reaching perhaps 100 km. The current pace of space projects however makes it likely that large ground-based interferometers will be in use before space equivalents.

Keywords : telescope array, stellar interferometer, hign-resolution observing, optical interferometric array, spherical telescope

Other OHP Preprints 12 Sept 1996