OHP Preprint No. 94 : ELODIE Spectrograph

ELODIE: A Spectrograph for Accurate Radial Velocity Measurements

A.Baranne(1), D.Queloz(2), M.Mayor(2), G.Adrianzyk(3), G.Knispel(3), D.Kohler(3), D.Lacroix(3), J.-P.Meunier(3), G.Rimbaud(3) and A.Vin(3)

(1) Observatoire de Marseille, 2 Place Le Verrier, F-13248 Marseille, France
(2) Observatoire de Genve, CH-1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
(3) Observatoire de Haute-Provence, F-04870 Saint Michel l'Observatoire, France

The fibre-fed echelle spectrograph of Observatoire de Haute-Provence, ELODIE, is presented. This instrument has been in operation since the end of 1993 on the 1.93m telescope. ELODIE is designed as an updated version of the cross-correlation spectrometer CORAVEL, to perform very accurate radial velocity measurements such as needed in the search, by Doppler shift, for brown-dwarfs or giant planets orbiting around nearby stars. In one single exposure a spectrum at a resolution of 42000 (/) ranging from 3906 to 6811 is recorded on a 1024x1024 CCD. This performance is achieved by using a tan =4 echelle grating and a combination of a prism and a grism as cross-disperser. An automatic on-line data treatment reduces all the ELODIE echelle spectra and computes cross-correlation functions. The instrument design and the data reduction algorithms are described in this paper. The efficiency and accuracy of the instrument and its long term instrumental stability allow us to measure radial velocities with an accuracy better than 15ms for stars up to 9th magnitude in less than 30 minutes exposure time. Observations of 16th magnitude stars are also possible to measure velocities at about 1kms accuracy. For classic spectroscopic studies (S/N>100) 9th magnitude stars can be observed in one hour exposure time.

Keywords: Instrumentation: spectrographs - Methods: data analysis - Techniques: spectroscopic - radial velocities

Astronomy&Astrophysics : Received 29 September 1995 / Accepted
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