The surface density of bright QSOs (B < 17.0) is still very poorly known. The PG survey (Schmidt & Green 1983) covering an area of 10714 deg2 lead to the discovery of 69 QSOs brighter than MB = -24 ( = 50 kms-1Mpc-1) and B = 16.16, corresponding to 0.0064 deg-2. However, several authors have concluded that it could be incomplete by a factor 2 to 3.
The First Byurakan Survey (FBS), also known as the Markarian survey, was carried out in 1965-80 by Markarian et al. (1989). It covers 17000 deg2 and is complete to about B = 16.5. It has been used by Markarian and his collaborators to search for UV excess galaxies; it can also be used for finding UV-excess starlike objects. Such a program -- the second part of the FBS -- has been undertaken in 1987 (Abrahamian et al. 1990; Mickaelian 1994). Its main purpose is to take advantage of the large sky area covered to get a reliable estimate of the surface density of bright QSOs.
At the present time, 4109 deg2 have been searched and a catalogue of 1103 blue stellar objects (715 at 30) has been built. 434 spectroscopic identifications (398 stars and 36 QSOs) are already known. Photoelectric UBV photometry for 113 FBS objects has been published. For all except one, U - B < -0.50.