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On-line determination of stellar atmospheric parameters $T_\mathrm{eff}$, $\log g$, [Fe/H] from ELODIE echelle spectra
I - The Method

D. Katz1, C. Soubiran2, R. Cayrel3, M. Adda3, R. Cautain4 [*]

1 Observatoire de Paris, DASGAL, 61 av. de l'Observatoire, F-75014 Paris, France -
2 Observatoire de Bordeaux, BP89, F-33270 Floirac, France -
3 Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, DESPA, F-92195 Meudon Cedex, France -
4 Observatoire de Haute-Provence, F-04870 Saint-Michel l'Observatoire, France

Astronomy & Astrophysics, 338, 151 (1998)


We present a method estimating the atmospheric parameters $T_\mathrm{eff}$, $\log g$, [Fe/H] for stars observed, even at low signal to noise ratio, with the echelle spectrograph ELODIE on the 193cm telescope at Observatoire de Haute-Provence. The method relies on the least-square comparison of the spectrum of a target star to a library of 211 spectra of reference stars for which the atmospheric parameters are well known and which were observed with the same instrument. In order to obtain a meaningful comparison between target and reference spectra, all features which are not intrinsic to the objects must be removed. This treatment involves the correction of the blaze efficiency for each order, cosmic rays hits and telluric line removal, convolution of the spectra to a common spectral resolution, wavelength scale and flux level adjustment. The library available at the present time covers the effective temperature range [4000K, 6300K], the metallicity range [-2.9, +0.35] and the gravities of both unevolved and evolved stars existing at these temperatures and metallicities. Tests performed with the actual library allow us to estimate the internal accuracy to be 86 K, 0.28 dex and 0.16 dex for $T_\mathrm{eff}$, $\log g$, [Fe/H] for a target star with S/N = 100 and 102 K, 0.29 dex and 0.17 dex at S/N = 10. This accuracy will improve in the future as the number of reference stars in the library will increase. The software (named TGMET) has been installed at Observatoire de Haute-Provence for the on-line analysis of the high-resolution spectra of ELODIE, which was originaly conceived for accurate radial velocity measurements.

Keywords :methods: data analysis - methods: numerical - stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - stars: fundamental parameters

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Next: Introduction